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World Anti-Doping Code Commentary Project

The first fully comprehensive resource for anti-doping practitioners, providing guidance along all steps of the doping control process. With topics ranging from signatory compliance to application of the sanctioning regime, the commentary will assist the anti-doping movement to achieve a more effective implementation and harmonized interpretation of the 2015 World Anti-Doping Code.

WADC Commentary Team

/WADC Commentary Team
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About WADC Commentary Team

With the key output of an article-by-article commentary on the 2015 World Anti-Doping Code, the project is unique in its ambitious scope and nature of the research undertaken. The project team will collect and analyze anti-doping case law that interprets and applies the 2015 WADA Code, primarily those decisions published by the Court of Arbitration for Sport, as well as from various jurisdictions around the world. The goal is to create the first fully comprehensive resource for anti-doping practitioners, providing guidance along all steps of the doping control process.

The Lallukka CAS Award: The End of an Unsettled Era for Human Growth Hormone Cases?

CAS Award: WADA v. Lallukka, CAS 2014/A/3488, November 20, 2014 FACTS In September 2011, the Finnish cross-country skier Juha Lallukka (the “skier”), a National-Level Athlete affiliated with the Finnish Ski Association, was subjected to an Out-of-Competition test. The analysis returned an Adverse Analytical Finding for recombinant human Growth Hormone (“rhGH”, a synthetic form of exogenously [...]

Biological passports and the 2015 Code: Will four-year bans for blood doping become the new norm?

Download the Bekele Blog Post HERE CAS Award: Alemitu Bekele Degfa v. Turkish Athletics Federation & IAAF, CAS 2013/A/3080, March 14, 2014. In this award, recently published in the CAS bulletin, Alemitu Bekele Degfa – a long-distance runner of Turkish Nationality and Ethiopian origin – was found to have committed an anti-doping violation with aggravating circumstances. [...]

By |February 3rd, 2015|Intentional violations|0 Comments

When is a Departure Really a Departure? Trends in Procedural Challenges Highlighted by the Tai Cheau Xuen CAS Award

Download the Tai Cheau Xuen Blog Post HERE CAS Award: Tai Cheau Xuen v. Olympic Council of Asia (OCA), CAS AG 14/03, October 3, 2014. In the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) Ad Hoc division case Tai Cheau Xuen v. Olympic Council of Asia (OCA) AG 14/0, Malaysian wushu practitioner Tai Sheau Xuen won [...]

By |December 1st, 2014|Procedural challenges|0 Comments

Still need proof sugar is bad for you? Cilic, glucose, “light” fault, and four months out

Download the Cilic Blog Post HERE CAS Award: Marin Cilic v. International Tennis Federation (ITF), CAS 2013/A/3335, April 11, 2014. Keywords: Degree of fault, Specified Substances, Inadvertent ingestion, Period of Ineligibility In this blog post, we analyze the recent CAS award in the Marin Cilic v. ITF matter, which revolves around the determination of the [...]

By |October 23rd, 2014|Specified Substances|0 Comments

Ain’t nobody’s fault: Van Snick’s cocaine-sabotaged sports supplement

Download the Van Snick Blog Post HERE CAS Award: Charlene Van Snick c. Fédération Internationale de Judo (FIJ), TAS 2014/A/3475, July 4, 2014 Keywords: No Fault or Negligence, Balance of Probability, Sabotage, Cocaine, Substance concentration, Quantative data This case is remarkable as one of the very rare scenarios in which a CAS panel accepted to [...]

By |July 4th, 2014|No Fault or Negligence|0 Comments

FIFA, anti-doping and the World Cup 2014: Deco v. CBF and FIFA

CAS Award Anderson Luís De Souza v. CBF & FIFA, CAS 2013/A/3395, May 26, 2014 By Brianna Quinn For Brianna's Bio - click here In an interesting and topical development, FIFA, the Brazilian Football Confederation (CBF) and retired international footballer Anderson Luis De Souza (more commonly known as “Deco”) have recently settled – or more [...]

By |May 26th, 2014|Evidence of doping|0 Comments

The Pinzon award: When legal presumptions fail under the force of scientific evidence

Download the Pinzon Blog Post HERE   CAS Award: Omar Andres Pinzon Garcia v. FECNA, CAS 2014/A/3170, April 7, 2014. Keywords: International Standard for Testing, International Standard for Laboratories, chain of custody, procedural departures, sample contamination This matter demonstrates the limits of a CAS panel’s tolerance when it comes to positive findings that are not [...]

By |April 7th, 2014|Science in anti-doping|0 Comments

Strict liability swings both ways: Campbell-Brown award expects ADOs to match exacting standards imposed on Athletes

Download the Campbell-Brown Blog Post HERE CAS Award: Veronica Campbell-Brown v. The Jamaica Athletics Administrative Association (JAAA) & The International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF), CAS 2014/A/3487, February 24, 2014. Keywords: International Standard for Testing, procedural departures, causality requirement This award is significant in that it is among the first published awards to delve into [...]

By |February 24th, 2014|Evidence of doping|0 Comments

Sinkewitz v. Veerpalu: Struggling to fit anti-doping science into a legal framework

CAS Award: Nationale Anti-Doping Agentur Deutschland v. Sinkewitz, CAS 2012/A/2857, February 24, 2014 On 21 February 2014, the CAS panel rendered its award in the NADA v. Sinkewitz matter (CAS 2012/A/2857, NADA v. Sinkewitz, 21 February 2014). The findings in this award are difficult to reconcile with the Veerpalu decision (CAS 2011/A/2566, Veerpalu v. FIS, [...]

By |February 24th, 2014|Science in anti-doping|0 Comments

The Glaesner award: Another case of mistaken identity involving a Vicks inhaler

CAS Award: Glaesner v. FINA, CAS 2013/A/3274, January 31, 2014 Issues: CAS de novo power of review, No disqualification of other results, Additional investigations on a Sample Decision: Only the result from the race in connection with which a Danish swimmer returned an Adverse Analytical Finding from the accidental ingestion of a Prohibited Substance through [...]

By |January 31st, 2014|Disqualification of results|0 Comments